Poly-proline type II (PPII) helical PXXP motifs are the recognition elements for a variety of protein–protein interactions that are critical for cellular signaling. Despite development of protocols for locking peptides into a-helical and b-strand conformations, there remains a lack of analogous methods for generating mimics of PPII helical structures. We describe herein a strategy to enforce PPII helical secondary structure in the 19-residue TrpPlexus miniature protein. Through sequence variation, we showed that a network of cation–pi interactions could drive the formation of PPII helical conformations for both peptide and N-substituted glycine peptoid residues. The achievement of chemically diverse PPII helical scaffolds provides a new route towards discovering peptidomimetic inhibitors of protein–protein interactions mediated by PXXP motifs.
PPII Helical Peptidomimetics Templated by Cation–π Interactions
TW Craven, R Bonneau, K Kirshenbaum
ChemBioChem 17(19): 1824-28