Natural hazards include: earthquakes, landslides, tsunamis, floods, bushfires etc. These all can harm the environment and those nearby. There are ways to be proactive in situations that involve these hazards, but many of these are inevitable in certain climates.
Bushfires are wildfires that occur in the grassland nature areas of Australia, New Zealand and Caledonia. They most commonly occur in Australia. A solution to this natural hazard is bushfire shutters. These shutters protect homes from the extreme heat that comes with bushfires while also protecting against the fire itself. There are other ways to be proactive in terms of bushfires. A way to start is by cleaning out gutters. Gutters can have leaves in them and this can assist the fire in spreading. Make sure to clear out anything else that could fuel a fire.
These fires still have an impact on the environment regardless of it homes and people stay safe. These fires burn vegetation and it can take hundreds of years to recover. Fires cause erosion and subsequent sedimentation of wetlands. These bushfires have the potential to ruin environments for years.
Having too little rain is an issue, along with too much rain. If only climates could find a happy medium. Too much rain can lead to flooding and landslides. These heavy downpours are increasing especially over the last three to five decades. This extreme rain can lead to loss of crops and livestock, which can cause economic issues in certain areas.
The Guardian discusses rain in Japan that constituted as dangerous and life threatening. More than 700 houses were destroyed or damaged, and more than 23,000 were flooded, according to the fire and disaster management agency. This rain caused many to lose their houses.
In March, five people died during flash floods in North Carolina. Water is a strong force that can be deadly, according to the Huffington Post. People also go missing during hazardous events like this. They can be traumatic for the surrounding environment, homes and people involved.
Extreme rainfall has an impact on bodies of water. It can cause water levels to raise dangerously high. Rain also makes water acidic and causes it to absorb aluminum that then flows into rivers and lakes.
The impact of heavy rain on the environment is difficult to avoid. A safety tip is to know where water flows and avoid those areas. In some urban areas, heavy rain can create strong water flow in allies and other areas. This could be dangerous to maneuver in car or walking. Devising an escape route and listening to the news is a way to stay on top of these situations.
A landslide is an uncontrollable downhill flow of rock, earth, debris or a combination.
Landslides can be extremely deadly and make us victims to the pull of gravity. Homes and people downhill from these landslides are often in jeopardy. Landslides are difficult to avoid because their cause is environmental usually. The natural causes are: climate, earthquakes, weathering of rock, erosion, volcanoes, and forest fires. The human causes are: mining and tree cutting. The scary part is that they are often a side affect of another natural disaster.
The environmental impacts include the loss of ecosystem and the impact of the beauty of landscapes. When a landslide occurs, it is important to already have an evacuation plan in place. The best thing to do is to be aware of the warning signs of a landslide and the geographic surroundings of the area.
Another tip is to stay tuned to the news. Often, geologists will assess the situation and give the public the best evacuation plans and information about the landslide at hand. Media will often have 24-hour news broadcasts during dangerous times when guidance is needed. Hotlines are often also an option for those who need to be guided during certain situations.
In attempt to counterbalance the damage done by natural disasters, some areas use natural resources to prepare for emergencies. New York is an example of a state that is thinking ahead. The Huffington Post offers alternative solution to dealing with natural hazards. New Yorkers are using nature to fight nature. They are ensuring a supply of clean drinking water for when there are increasing heat waves and droughts. They are doing this y protecting the landscapes around lakes and reservoirs. They then can use natural processes to filter the water. They also have a plan to manage storm water and agricultural runoff.
Staying alert and educated are the first steps to preparing for a harmful natural hazard. These natural hazards can have an impact on lives, homes, the environment and well-being of an area.