My research interests are in the philosophy of language, epistemology, philosophy of maths, decision theory and a branch of linguistics called formal pragmatics. I am based at New York University, and visit the Institut Jean Nicod in Paris from time to time (CV; e-mail).

I have developed a theory of conversational exculpature, a pragmatic process that accounts for a range of linguistic phenomena, including loose talk and certain kinds of metaphor. Intuitively, conversational exculpature pragmatically subtracts some information from what the speaker literally says. This makes it the opposite of conversational implicature, which pragmatically adds information to what is literally said. (Get the paper here and a non-technical summary of the theory here.)

In addition I am working on something called inquisitive decision theory, an account of belief-guided action that emphasises the centrality of questions in decision-making. This theory is better able than the decision theories standardly used in economics and psychology to account for behaviour that is less than ideally rational.

I’m proud to have a small part in organising the incomparable New York Philosophy of Language Workshop.

I also designed the NYU Philosophy t-shirt. When it’s rainy out or I can’t sleep, I enjoy trying my hand at translating Dutch children’s poetry into English.