The Bones and Behavior Working Group began in 2007 as a series of workshops aimed at developing an integrative approach to research questions concerning primate adaptation. The group is composed of biological anthropologists with behavioral, biological, and osteological expertise. A major aim of the group is to generate standardized measurement collection protocols for biological anthropologist that will create compatible and comparable data sets. The goal of these standardized protocols is to foster collaboration and create more robust data sets to address broad evolutionary questions. These protocols allow researchers to integrate their data with larger data sets, thus expanding the empirical framework for undertanding the evolution of human and non-human primates.