Consent can change our moral relationships by granting people new permissions. But it fails to do so when it is invalid. It can be invalidated when it is given under duress, such as when the consent-giver is under a coercive threat. Tom Dougherty discusses why certain forms of duress invalidate consent.
Tom Dougherty is a University Lecturer in the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Trinity Hall. He is currently a Visiting Research Professor at the University of Tulane. He primarily researches moral and political philosophy.
Friday, October 12, 2018
4:00 PM – 6:00 PM
NYU Global Center, Room 388
238 Thompson St
New York, NY 10012
Reception to follow.
This event is open to the public.
Registration for Fall 2018 courses is now open. The Center for Bioethics is offering the following courses for Fall 2018, plus electives by advisement. For more information, contact Program Administrator Cassandra Coste at firstname.lastname@example.org.
UGPH-GU 15: Introduction to Bioethics
Tuesday/Thursday, 11:00AM – 12:15PM
Professor Daniel Fogal
This course provides a survey of contemporary issues in bioethics. Students will be introduced to a variety of ethical issues and questions arising in health care and the biological sciences, as well as with emerging technologies. Topics include the moral status of animals, personhood at the margins of life, abortion and infanticide, euthanasia and suicide, the nature of health and well-being, disability and mental illness, autonomy and addiction, paternalism and manipulation, genetic engineering and human enhancement, geoengineering and de-extinction, and the allocation of scarce medical resources.
UGPH-GU 95: Ethics and Reproduction
Tuesday/Thursday, 3:30PM – 4:45PM
Professor Daniel Fogal
This course surveys central issues in the ethics of human reproduction. Topics include the morality of abortion; whether we can harm people by bringing them into existence; moral issues raised by assisted reproduction; genetic selection and enhancement; the impact of our reproductive choices on future generations. The course will introduce students to philosophical conceptions of personal identity, fundamental moral notions (e.g., harm, interests, autonomy, respect), and the standards of bioethical debate.
GPH-GU 1005: Advanced Introduction to Bioethics
Wednesday, 6:45PM – 8:45PM
Professor Jordan MacKenzie
This seminar is intended to introduce students to the central methods and concerns of contemporary bioethics. We will consider topics including the grounds for respecting human (and other) life, the concepts of well-being and autonomy, decisions about future people, and justice in distribution of scarce medical resources. Students will develop familiarity with these concepts as well as the conventions and standards of bioethical debate.
GPH-GU 1008: Topics in Bioethics – Moral Intuitions
Monday, 6:45PM – 8:45PM
Professor Matthew Liao
Nonconsequentialism is a type of normative theory according to which the rightness or wrongness of an act is not determined solely by consequences. In particular, it holds that even when the consequences of two acts are the same, one might be wrong and the other right. In this course, we shall examine factors (prerogatives) that permit an agent to act in ways that do not maximize the good, and factors (constraints) that limit what an agent may do in pursuit of the good. We shall discuss topics such as the moral difference between harming and not-aiding; intending and foreseeing harm, i.e., the Doctrine of Double Effect; whether constraints are absolute; and how nonconsequentialists should address issues such as aggregation and the so-called paradox of deontology. We shall also investigate how one might be able to provide a plausible, theoretical foundation for nonconsequentialism.
GPH-GU 1210: Justice in Health & Healthcare
Tuesday, 6:45PM – 8:45PM
Professor Adam Lerner
This course surveys philosophical theories of justice, applying them to population bioethics with particular focus on environmental health justice. Case studies will include environmental racism and injustice in the United States as well as environmental and global justice dimensions of climate change, food systems, pollution, and infectious disease.
GPH-GU 1165: Research Ethics
Thursday, 6:45PM – 8:45PM
Dr. Claudia Passos
The course will examine the scandals that launched the field of research ethics and consider the ethical principles that arose in reaction. We will be especially concerned with the nature and limits of informed consent, as the central principle of research ethics. We will ask: what makes consent valid? What kind of understanding is required for consent to count as ‘informed’? How should we distinguish research and clinical care; what clinical responsibilities to researchers have, in designing and conducting studies? What does it take to justify research when consent is impossible; as in the case of children or incapacitated patients? When, if ever, is it acceptable to use deception in research? What else is required, beyond informed consent, to justify research? In particular, what sorts of social goals should research promote, and what social harms must it avoid?
GPH-GU 3555: Bioethics Practicum